The Logical Artist


It has already been shown how Duran insisted on the study of Velasquez and the omission in art of all that was not essential to the realization of the central purpose of a painting. He had himself traveled far from the sharp contrast of values by which he had dramatized his picture L’AssassinĂ©. He had got rid of his tendency to be spectacular.

From Velasquez he had learned to simplify. His teaching was focused on the study of values and half tones, above all, half tones. Here lies, he would say, the secret of painting, in the half tone of each plane, in economizing the accents and in the handling of the lights so that they should play their part in the picture only with a palpable and necessary significance. Other things were subordinate.


Get the shapes and tones right and the resemblance will be good. See

Paint what inspires you and it will add meaning to your work. Utilize the historical works of others or nostalgia for the things of the past to help you create artwork that is meaningful to contemporary collectors. When your paintings captivate an audience you will then know how to create meaning in your work. Read more

– Lori Mc Nee


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Realistic drawing

Realistic drawing totorial

The Underpainting

Verdaccio – step by step with Cennini


Logical, clear explanations on colour


Colour symbolism

Yellow: most light giving of all colours (radiant, lacking transparency, knowledge)

Red: Sex, combat, action

Blue: contracted, introverted, ethereal, spiritual, vibrant in darkness

Green: Fruitful, content

Orange: festive, proud, ostentatious

Violet: Mysterious, oppresive, charming & delicate (tinted with white)

To equal the luminosity of each: Yellow (3), red (6), Blue (8)

Primary, secondary and complementary colors

  • The 3 primary (red, yellow and blue) and 3 secondary colours (orange, green and purple), plus black and white are the only colours in nature.
  • All other colors are simply a brighter, duller, lighter or darker version of these colors.

Read more on Salvatore’s website


Basic Palette for Color Mixing

  • Primary palette: Alizarin Crimson (cool), Ultramarine Blue (warm) and Cad Yellow Lt (cool)
  • Extended primary palette: Cad red lt (warm), Cobalt blue (cool) and Indian yellow (warm)

You now have a warm and a cool for each primary colour.

  • Secondary colours palette: Cadmium orange, Dioxazine purple/Cobalt violet and Cadmium Green

If you buy the secondaries “pre-made” they will be more intense in colour than if you mixed them yourself.

  • Full palette: Raw Umber, Burnt Umber, Yellow Ochre, Raw Sienna, Burnt Sienna, Venetian Red, Sap Green

All beautifully explained on Salvatore’s website.


How to mix colors

Step by step process to mix any colour.

1. OBSERVE and ask 4 questions

  1. What colour/hue is it (yellow, orange, red, purple, blue or green only)?
  2. What is the tone (dark, light or medium)?
  3. What is the intensity (bright = high, low = more greyed or medium)? This tells you the saturation.
  4. What is the exact colour temperature (i.e. if red, is it more yellow/orange red or blue/purple red)?

2. SELECT the colour closest

3. ANALYZE if it’s warner or cooler, lighter or darker, more intense/bright or less intense


  • Adjust if lighter/darker
  • Adjust saturation/intensity
  • Adjust hue/temperature if warmer or cooler

Repeat steps 3 and 4 til correct.

Beautifully explained in detail with pictures on Salvatore’s website


Tone, tint, saturation, shade explained







Neutral grey: mix primaries (place neutral greys near colour to create beautiful effect and bring out colour)